美国旅行签证

预约0900。。。。。(使馆网页上有)什么的号码电话预约,准备银行卡和护照。接电话的如果是印巴人,那个口音很不爽。

Document list

预约以后使馆会发给确认邮件,打印邮件里面的附件

l 预约信

l 交费收据(也是打印的)

l Visa application form DS-156

l Supplemental visa application form DS157

(学习历史从1992年写,写明起止日期。即使没有定旅店,也要写上主要停留城市。如果有遗漏可以在交材料的时候修改补充)

l Student status letter from the university

l Photocopy of your student card

l Bank statement

* 提前30分钟到达大使馆。

* 第一关,穿亮黄色外衣的工作人员核对预约信,根据预约时间指点你去排哪一队。并且给你一个透明塑料袋,把手机关闭放入,皮带等待金属物品的配件也要放入。如果钱包里面有硬币,一同放入

* 第二关,站在大街上排队,左右都是不同时间预约签证的人。预约越早进去的越早。即便那些比你晚到达使馆的人,预约的早还是会在你之前进入。排到你,保安检查护照照片和本人是否一致。然后再让你去排安检队。

* 第三关安检。把背包,塑料袋放入一个盒子扫描,自己通过安检门。(和机场安检类似)。手机存入安检处,会给一个对应的小牌子(和一般存包过程一样)。拿上背包钱包的,按照黄色指示牌,开始绕使馆大楼180度,到签证地点。可以带水和食品进入。反正我带了没人管。

* 第四关拿号。进入大楼,门口有counter拿你的材料,扫描并且给你一个签证号码。上楼进入大厅。

* 第五关交材料。大厅里面坐好,听播音叫号+看屏幕,指示你去1-11的那个counter交材料。Immigration, 交材料和签证三个好马是混合叫的,但是屏幕指示非常清楚,不会弄混。交材料是按照顺序叫的。我去的时候12点以前,只有30个人排队,12点以后最多的时候差不多60人。等了30分钟,叫我去交材料。交材料以后,使馆人员核查表格是否填写完整,材料是否齐全。同时让你左右手四个手指,还有两个大拇指, 分别按手印纪录。材料核查完毕,手印记录以后,给一张黄色表格。拿回去填写。

* 第六关签证。坐在大厅里面听着叫号看屏幕。这时候叫号不按照顺序。一般等待2-3小时,我只等了30分钟,就让我去签证窗口。签证窗口是12-25号。先按手印,签证官边看材料边问了几个问题:

1, 你在英国干什么?

2, 你何时完成的学业?

3, 完成学业以后打算干什么?

4, 去美国那里?

5, 为什么这个时候去?

口齿非常清晰,连问带回答不超过一分钟。然后她就说your visa has been approved.随后把学生证明,银行证明给我,让我去护照快递那里交费。

* 第七关大厅里面有指定的护照快递公司交费柜台。14英镑最便宜的就可以。可以付现金或者刷卡。

* 别忘记了去安检拿存放手机

我星期三去签证的,星期五就拿到了快递回来的签证,美国一年多次往返。

WHO

WHO 今天主页上的图片,看着像是三个中国孩子(也许是新加坡泰国马来西亚的),还蛮喜庆。

点击进入以后的内容,是呼吁加强儿童用药管理。没有提到任何一个国家名字。

21 SEPTEMBER 2007 | GENEVA — The lack of thorough and reliable clinical data on the way medicines affect children requires strengthened safety monitoring and vigilance of medicinal products. This is the fundamental message of Promoting safety of medicines for children, released today by the World Health Organization (WHO).

The publication gives an overview of the problem and offers solutions on how best to address side effects from medicines in children; namely, through improved reporting systems and collaboration between governments, regulatory authorities, research institutions and the pharmaceutical industry. The publication is part of a broad effort WHO is initiating to expand children’s access to quality-assured, safe and effective medicines.

“We need to learn more about the way children’s bodies react to medicines so we can improve global child health. That’s why it’s extremely important to keep track of potential side effects in child populations. Ultimately, this will save lives and build up a knowledge base for the future,” said Dr Howard Zucker, WHO Assistant Director-General for Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals.

A large proportion of side effects or adverse reactions to medicines in the adult population are due to irrational use or human error and are therefore preventable. In the case of children, even more factors come into play. The main challenge is the lack of clinical data. This results in fewer medicines being developed, produced and marketed specifically for children. Often, children are given medicines that have only been tested in adults and are not officially approved for use in child populations (this is known as “off-label use”).

Non-availability of appropriate paediatric formulations forces health care providers to resort to administering portions of crushed or dissolved tablets or the powder contained inside a capsule without any specific indication of the required dosage. For that reason, according to the report, potentially harmful medication errors may be three times more common in children than in adults.

An appropriate format or structure for a child’s medicine is also important. Small children sometimes choke or asphyxiate while trying to swallow big tablets. For instance, earlier this year four children under 36 months died from choking on albendazole tablets (used to combat worms) during a de-worming campaign in Ethiopia.

New and innovative medicines on the market provide indications for children but still lack evidence of long-term benefit and risk. Side effects associated with antiretroviral medicines, for example, have been reported to occur in up to 30% of HIV-infected children on antiretroviral therapy. Most of those side effects could be reversed by modifying the dosage or changing to an alternative medicine.

The report estimates that less than 10% of all serious adverse reactions to medicines are reported globally. In part, this is due to the fact that many developing countries have not yet established medicine safety monitoring and reporting systems; and when they have these are usually under-resourced. Because children – particularly very young ones – are less articulate in describing symptoms and their non-verbal communication is often misunderstood or ignored, even serious adverse reactions in children often go unreported to health practitioners or authorities.

Intended for policy-makers, manufacturers, medicines control bodies and researchers, Promoting safety of medicines for children provides a series of recommendations to address medicine safety for children.

For instance, all countries should establish national and regional monitoring systems for the detection of serious adverse medicine reactions and medical errors in children. When such reporting systems exist, it is crucial that manufacturers follow up on adverse reactions to their products once they are on the market.

In addition, regulatory authorities need to make an effort to refine the science of clinical trials in children, create an active post-marketing surveillance programme and develop public databases of up to date information about efficacy and safety in paediatric medicines.

To assist countries, WHO will:

  • publish an official WHO List of Essential Medicines for Children;
  • continue to create awareness in countries and in the research community on the urgent need to monitor the use of medicines in children;
  • identify research gaps in children’s medicines; and
  • create protocols on monitoring adverse effects for child-specific medicines.

Interviews: preparation

今天看了一个网站,顺手来做做笔记。

1, know the research center and the reserach group

1) their aims, publications, staff;

2) Other centers and universities

/show that you have invested time and effort in. show that you pick up the project carefully./

2, understand yourself

1) what are the three biggest achievements of your career?

2) what are you most proud of outside of your work?

3) what are your goals in your career? what would you like to get out of your next job move?

4) why should an employer want you to work for them?

/ show you are the right person they need./

3, First impression

The rules for men are simple:

  • Wear a dark suit. Navy blue and grey are the most acceptable colours.
  • Wear a long-sleeved shirt, either in white or a pale colour such as light blue.
  • Choose an uncomplicated 100% silk tie. No one wears polyester anymore!
  • Wear black shoes. Italians can get away with brown – but it just does not seem to work for the British!
  • Allow yourself only three items of jewellery – a watch, a wedding ring and perhaps cuff links with a double-cuff shirt. Nothing more.

For women, the principles are not dissimilar:

  • Also aim to wear a suit as opposed to separates.
  • Wear a jacket and skirt as opposed to jacket and trousers. Unfortunately, some male interviewers can still be a bit sexist about skirts versus trousers.
  • Choose a plain blouse. Don’t try to look sexy – as your definition of sexy may be an interviewer’s definition of tarty.
  • Wear shoes that your grandmother would be happy with. High heels might be the height of fashion – but again some (typically older, male) interviewers may have negative views about them.
  • Avoid unusual jewellery such as more than one earring per ear or thumb rings. Again you may get a negative reaction from older, male interviewers.