道德准则和职业操守–简要介绍及重要链接

   

所谓在其位,谋其政,另还有加一句,知其法。职业道德,就是规定以下几方面的事情:    

-规定什么是可以接受的行为,什么是不可以接受的。比如,你是金融从业人员,尤其是CFA candidates or charter holders, 故意夸大盈利就是不可接受的行为。    

-规定职业行为的标准;    

-提供自我评估的准则;    

-建立专业行为,专业责任的框架;    

-专业成熟度的体现,等等等。。。。。。     

进行健康卫生医学方面的学习和研究,很多情况下都需要得到ethical approval. 比如,如果

*physical risk or serious inconvenience

*administration of drugs

*any risk of psychological damage or distress

*access to sensitive questions

*participants are vulneralbe or dependent

*use of tissue

*use of organ

如果研究的对象是NHS框架内的病人,使用 NHS服务的人,研究的内容可能涉及到NHS系统里面的medical record数据等等,还必须得到NHS REC(national health service research ethics committee)的同意书。

———

通常,一个项目中会有这么几方: Research Government Sponsor–对研究的设计和执行负责任的正式机构,Ph.D的RGS通常就是自己的学校。(这年头,办学不易啊) Stakeholders–对研究需要的资源负责的机构 funder–出钱的 supervisor–管人的 investigoter, researcher, students….干活的 以上几方,各有各的责任。不出事儿则好,出事儿以后,逐一追究。

基本各个学校都会有自己的ethics committee办公室。

 


英国NHS现在统一标准,统一申请在
http://www.corec.org.uk/


美国
American Psychological Association


CFA institute(chartered financial analyst)


ETHICAL NORMS AND VALUES FOR MARKETERS


http://www.businessethics.org/


KNOWLEDGE BASE –

ethics resources from UK, Europe and the World
http://www.york.ac.uk/res/ref/kb.htm

 

不是各个国家都有道德准则,也不是各个行业都有。没有道德准则和职业操守的行业,我们通常叫它们发育未完成,或者黑市。想了解当地该行业的准册,google

6 thoughts on “道德准则和职业操守–简要介绍及重要链接

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